Unlike men, the female reproductive system has multiple organs and is pretty complicated. All the organs including the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries must be functioning well in conjugation for successful conception. Different procedures are used to check for the health of these organs.
is a series of X-rays conducted for evaluating the woman's fallopian tubes and uterus after injecting a liquid dye through the vagina. This can also be done using using ultrasound with saline and air instead. It helps diagnose the tubal blockages and uterial defects.
is a method in which ultrasound is introduced through the vagina to see images of the ovaries and uterus. Many times the doctor can also determine the presence of follices in the ovaries. To estimate the ovarian reserve, the Antral Follicle Count (AFC) is also evaluated with this test.
In this procedure a small camera inserted into the uterus through the cervix to check the condition of uterus. While in Laparoscopy, small incisions are made on the abdomen to insert tools including camera to check the entire pelvis. However being a surgical procedure it involves small risks.
Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), Inhibin B hormone and Anti Mullerian Hormone (AMH) levels in blood are checked during the menstrual cycle. Abnormal levels of this hormones can solely be the reason for infertility. Sometimes postcoital test is needed which involves examining a her cervical mucus shortly after sex.
Having a healthy uterus is absolutely necessary for inducing pregnancy. Even if the uterus appears to be normal, there can be some issue. So an endometrial biopsy is a testing of tissues from the lining of the uterus.
All women do not need to undergo all tests as our doctors will guide you through the most appropriate tests for the situation.